The London Baptist Confession of Faith (1689)

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Of the Holy Scriptures.

  1. The Holy Scripture is the only sufficient, certain, and infallible 1 rule of all saving Knowledge, Faith and Obedience; Although the 2 light of Nature, and the works of Creation and Providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom and power of God, as to leave men unexcusable; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God and His will, which is necessary unto Salvation. 3 Therefore it pleased the Lord at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that His will unto his Church; and afterward for the better preserving, and propagating of the Truth, and for the more sure Establishment, and Comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan, and of the World, to commit the same wholly unto 4 writing; which maketh the Holy Scriptures to be most necessary, those former ways of Gods revealing his will unto his people being now ceased.

  2. Under the Name of Holy Scripture or the Word of God written; are now contained all the Books of the Old and New Testament which are these,

    Of the Old Testament.

    Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, The Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.

    Of the New Testament.

    Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, The Acts of the Apostles, Pauls Epistle to the Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Phillippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, to Titus, to Philemon, the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistle of James, The first and second Epistles of Peter, The first, second and third Epistles of John, the Epistle of Jude, the Revelation. All which are given by the 5 inspiration of God, to be the rule of Faith and Life.

  3. The Books commonly called Apocrypha not being of 6 Divine inspiration, are no part of the Canon (or rule) of the Scripture, and therefore are of no authority to the Church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved or made use of, then other humane writings.

  4. The Authority of the Holy Scripture for which it ought to be believed dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or Church; but wholly upon 7 God (who is truth it self) the Author thereof; therefore it is to be received, because it is the Word of God.

  5. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church of God, to an high and reverent esteem of the Holy Scriptures; and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the Doctrine, and the Majesty of the stile, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of mans salvation, and many other incomparable Excellencies, and intire perfections thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence it self to be the Word of God; yet notwithstanding; our 8 full perswasion, and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit, bearing witness by and with the Word in our Hearts.

  6. The whole Councel of God concerning all things 9 necessary for his own Glory, Mans Salvation, Faith and Life, is either expressely set down or necessarily contained in the Holy Scripture; unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new Revelation of the Spirit, or traditions of men.

    Nevertheless we acknowledge the 10 inward illumination of the Spirit of God, to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the Word, and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the Church common to humane actions and societies; which are to be 11 ordered by the light of nature, and Christian prudence according to the general rules of the Word, which are always to be observed.

  7. All things in Scripture are not alike 12 plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all; yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for Salvation, are so 13 clearly propounded, and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of ordinary means, may attain to a sufficient understanding of them.

  8. The Old Testament in 14 Hebrew, (which was the Native language of the people of God of old) and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the Nations being immediately inspired by God, and by his singular care and Providence kept pure in all Ages, are therefore 15 authentical; so as in all controversies of Religion the Church is finally to appeal unto them 16 But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have a right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded in the fear of God to read 17 and search them, therefore they are to be translated into the 1vulgar language of every Nation, unto which they 18 come, that the Word of God dwelling 19 plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner, and through patience and comfort of the Scriptures may have hope.

  9. The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the 20 Scripture it self: And therefore when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold but one) it must be searched by other places that speak more clearly.

  10. The supream judge by which all controversies of Religion are to be determined, and all Decrees of Councels, opinions of antient Writers, Doctrines of men, and private Spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Scripture delivered by the Spirit, into which 21 Scripture so delivered, our faith is finally resolved.


Of God and of the Holy Trinity.

  1. The Lord our God is but 22 one only living, and true God; whose 23 subsistence is in and of himself, 24 infinite in being, and perfection, whose Essence cannot be comprehended by any but himself; 25 a most pure spirit, 26 invisible, without body, parts, or passions, who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light, which no man can approach unto, who is 27 immutable, 28 immense, 29 eternal, incomprehensible, 30 Almighty, every way infinit, 31 most holy, most wise, most free, most absolute, 32 working all things according to the councel of his own immutable, and most righteous will, 33 for his own glory, most loving, gracious, merciful, long suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression and sin, 34 the rewarder of them that diligently seek him, and withall most just, 35 and terrible in his judgements, 36 hating all sin, and who will by no means clear the 37 guilty.

  2. God having all 38 life, 39 glory, 40 goodness, blessedness, in and of himself: is alone in, and unto himself all-sufficient, not 41 standing in need of any Creature which he hath made, nor deriving any glory from them, but onely manifesting his own glory in, by, unto, and upon them, he is the alone fountain of all Being, 42 of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things, and he hath most soveraign 43 dominion over all creatures, to do by them, for them, or upon them, whatsoever himself pleaseth; in his sight 44 all things are open and manifest, his knowledge is 45 infinite, infallible, and independant upon the Creature, so as nothing is to him contingent, or uncertain; he is most holy in all his Councels, in 46 all his Works, and in all his Commands; to him is due 47 from Angels and men, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience as Creatures they owe unto the Creator, and whatever he is further pleased to require of them.

  3. In this divine and infinite Being there are three subsistences, 48 the Father the Word (or Son) and Holy Spirit, of one substance, power, and Eternity, each having the whole Divine Essence, 49 yet the Essence undivided, the Father is of none neither begotten nor proceeding, the Son is 50 Eternally begotten of the Father, the holy Spirit 51 proceeding from the Father and the Son, all infinite, without beginning, therefore but one God, who is not to be divided in nature and Being; but distinguished by several peculiar, relative properties, and personal relations; which doctrine of the Trinity is the foundation of all our Communion with God, and comfortable dependance on him.


Of Gods Decree.

  1. God hath 52 Decreed in himself from all Eternity, by the most wise and holy Councel of his own will, freely and unchangeably, all things whatsoever comes to passe; yet so as thereby is God neither the author of sin, 53 nor hath fellowship with any therein, nor is violence offered to the will of the Creature, nor yet is the liberty, or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather 54 established, in which appears his wisdom in disposing all things, and power, and faithfulness 55 in accomplishing his Decree.

  2. Although God knoweth whatsoever may, or can come to passe upon all 56 supposed conditions; yet hath he not Decreed anything, 57 because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.

  3. By the decree of God for the manifestation of his glory 58 some men and Angels, are predestinated, or fore-ordained to Eternal Life, through Jesus Christ to the 59 praise of his glorious grace; others being left to act in their sin to their 60 just condemnation, to the praise of his glorious justice.

  4. These Angels and Men thus predestinated, and fore-ordained, are particularly, and unchangeably designed; and their 61 number so certain, and definite, that it cannot be either increased, or diminished.

  5. Those of mankind 62 that are predestinated to life, God before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret Councel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ unto everlasting glory, out of his meer free grace and love; 63 without any other thing in the creature as a condition or cause moving him thereunto.

  6. As God hath appointed the Elect unto glory, so he hath by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, fore-ordained 64 all the means thereunto, wherefore they who are elected, being faln in Adam, 65 are redeemed by Christ, are effectually 66 called unto faith in Christ, by his spirit working in due season, are justifyed, adopted, sanctified, and kept by his power through faith 67 unto salvation; neither are any other redeemed by Christ, or effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the Elect 68 only.

  7. The Doctrine of this high mystery of predestination, is to be handled with special prudence, and care; that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yeilding obedience thereunto, may from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their 69 eternal election; so shall this doctrine afford matter 70 of praise, reverence, and admiration of God, and 71 of humility, diligence, and abundant 72 consolation, to all that sincerely obey the Gospel.


Of Creation.

  1. In the beginning it pleased God the Father, 73 Son, and Holy Spirit, for the manifestation of the glory of 74 his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness, to Create or make the world, and all things therein, 75 whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good.

  2. After God had made all other Creatures, he Created 76 man, male and female, with 77 reasonable and immortal souls, rendring them fit unto that life to God; for which they were Created; being 78 made after the image of God, in knowledge, righteousness, and true holyness; having the Law of God 79 written in their hearts, and power to fulfill it; and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was 80 subject to change.

  3. Besides the Law written in their hearts, they received 81 a command not to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil; which whilst they kept, they were happy in their Communion with God, and had dominion 82 over the Creatures.


Of Divine Providence.

  1. God the good Creator of all things, in his infinite power, and wisdom, doth 83 uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all Creatures, and things, from the greatest even to the 84 least, by his most wise and holy providence, to the end for the which they were Created; according unto his infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable Councel of his 85 own will; to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness and mercy.

  2. Although in relation to the foreknowledge and Decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass 86 immutably and infallibly; so that there is not any thing, befalls any 87 by chance, or without his Providence; yet by the same Providence he ordereth them to fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either 88 necessarily, freely, or contingently.

  3. God in his ordinary Providence 89 maketh use of means; yet is free Hos. 1.7to work, without, 90 above, and 91 against them at his pleasure.

  4. The Almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his Providence, that his determinate Councel 92 extendeth it self even to the first fall, and all other sinful actions both of Angels, and Men; (and that not by a bare permission) which also he most wisely and powerfully 93 boundeth, and otherwise ordereth, and governeth, in a manifold dispensation to his most holy 94 ends: yet so, as the sinfulness of their acts proceedeth only from the Creatures, and not from God; who being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be, the author or 95 approver of sin.

  5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God, doth oftentimes, leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations, and the corruptions of their own heart, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption, and deceitfulness of their hearts, 96 that they may be humbled; and to raise them to a more close, and constant dependence for their support, upon himself; and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for other just and holy ends.

    So that whatsoever befalls any of his elect is by his appointment, for his glory, 97 and their good.

  6. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God as a righteous judge, for former sin doth 98 blind and harden; from them he not only withholdeth his 99 Grace, whereby they might have been inlightned in their understanding, and wrought upon in their hearts: But sometimes also withdraweth 100 the gifts which they had, and exposeth them to such 101 objects as their corruptions makes occasion of sin; and withall 102 gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan, whereby it comes to pass, that they 103 harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softning of others.

  7. As the Providence of God doth in general reach to all Creatures, so after a most special manner it taketh care of his 104 Church, and disposeth of all things to the good thereof.


Of the fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof.

  1. Although God created Man upright, and perfect, and gave him a righteous law, which had been unto life had he kept it,Gen. 2.16,17.and threatned death upon the breach thereof; yet he did not long abide in this honour; 105 Satan using the subtilty of the serpent to seduce Eve, then by her seducing Adam, who without any compulsion, did wilfully transgress the Law of their Creation, and the command given unto them, in eating the forbidden fruit; which God was pleased according to his wise and holy Councel to permit, having purposed to order it, to his own glory.

  2. Our first Parents by this Sin, fell from their 106 original righteousness and communion with God, and we in them, whereby death came upon all; 107 all becoming dead in Sin, and wholly defiled, 108 in all the faculties, and parts, of soul, and body.

  3. They being the 109 root, and by Gods appointment, standing in the room, and stead of all mankind; the guilt of the Sin was imputed, and corrupted nature conveyed, to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation, being now 110 conceived in Sin, and by nature children 111 of wrath, the servants of Sin, the subjects 112 of death and all other miseries, spiritual, temporal and eternal, unless the Lord Jesus 113 set them free.

  4. From this original corruption, whereby we are 114 utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all evil, do 115 proceed all actual transgressions.

  5. The corruption of nature, during this Life, doth 116 remain in those that are regenerated: and although it be through Christ pardoned, and mortified, yet both it self, and the first motions thereof, are truely and properly 117 Sin.


Of Gods Covenant.

  1. The distance between God and the Creature is so great, that although reasonable Creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have attained the reward of Life, but by some 118 voluntary condescension on Gods part, which he hath been pleased to express, by way of Covenant.

  2. Moreover Man having brought himself 119 under the curse of the Law by his fall, it pleased the Lord to make a Covenant of Grace wherein he freely offereth unto Sinners, 120 Life and Salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them Faith in him, that they may be saved; and 121 promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal Life, his holy Spirit, to make them willing, and able to believe.

  3. This Covenant is revealed in the Gospel; first of all to Adam in the promise of Salvation by the 122 seed of the woman, and afterwards by farther steps, untill the full 123 discovery thereof was compleated in the new Testament; and it is founded in that 124 Eternal Covenant transaction, that was between the Father and the Son, about the Redemption of the Elect; and it is alone by the Grace of this Covenant, that all of the posterity of fallen Adam, that ever were 125 saved, did obtain life and a blessed immortality; Man being now utterly uncapable of acceptance with God upon those terms, on which Adam stood in his state of innocency.


Of Christ the Mediator.

  1. It pleased God in his eternal purpose, to chuse and ordain the Lord Jesus his only begotten Son, according to the Covenant made between them both, 126 to be the Mediator between God and Man; the 127 Prophet, 128 Priest and 129 King; Head and Saviour of his Church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world: Unto whom he did from all Eternity 130 give a people to be his seed, and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.
  2. The Son of God, the second Person in the Holy Trinity, being very and eternal God, the brightness of the Fathers glory, of one substance and equal with him: who made the World, who upholdeth and governeth all things he hath made: did when the fullness of time was come take unto him 131 mans nature, with all the Essential properties, and common infirmities thereof, 132 yet without sin: being conceived by the Holy Spirit in the Womb of the Virgin Mary, the Holy Spirit coming down upon her, and the power of the most High overshadowing her, 133 and so was made of a Woman, of the Tribe of Judah, of the Seed of Abraham, and David according to the Scriptures: So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, were inseparably joined together in one Person: without conversion, composition, or confusion: which Person is very God, and very Man; yet one 134 Christ, the only Mediator between God and Man.
  3. The Lord Jesus in his humane nature thus united to the divine, in the Person of the Son, was sanctified, & anointed 135 with the Holy Spirit, above measure; having in him 136 all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; in whom it pleased the Father that 137 all fullness should dwell: To the end that being 138 holy, harmless, undefiled, and full 139 of Grace, and Truth, he might be throughly furnished to execute the office of a 140 Surety; which office he took not upon himself, but was thereunto 141 called by his Father; who also put 142 all power and judgement in his hand, and gave him Commandement to execute the same.
  4. This office the Lord Jesus did most 143 willingly undertake, which that he might discharge he was made under the Law, 144 and did perfectly fulfill it, and underwent the 145 punishment due to us, which we should have born and suffered, being made 146 Sin and a Curse for us: enduring most grievous sorrows 147 in his Soul; and most painful sufferings in his body; was crucified, and died, and remained in the state of the dead; yet saw no 148 corruption: on the 149 third day he arose from the dead, with the same 150 body in which he suffered; with which he also 151 ascended into heaven: and there sitteth at the right hand of his Father, 152 making intercession; and shall 153 return to judge Men and Angels, at the end of the World.
  5. The Lord Jesus by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the Eternal Spirit once offered up unto God, 154 hath fully satisfied the Justice of God, procured reconciliation, and purchased an Everlasting inheritance in the Kingdom of Heaven, 155 for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.
  6. Although the price of Redemption was not actually paid by Christ, till after his Incarnation, 156 yet the vertue, efficacy, and benefit thereof were communicated to the Elect in all ages successively, from the beginning of the World, in and by those Promises, Types, and Sacrifices, wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the Seed of the Woman, which should bruise the Serpents head; 157 and the Lamb slain from the foundation of the World: 158 Being the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
  7. Christ in the work of Mediation acteth according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to it self; yet by reason of the Unity of the Person, that which is proper to one nature, is sometimes in Scripture attributed to the Person 159 denominated by the other nature.
  8. To all those for whom Christ hath obtained eternal redemption, he doth certainly, and effectually 160 apply, and communicate the same; making intercession for them, uniting them to himself by his spirit, 161 revealing unto them, in and by the word, the mystery of salvation; perswading them to believe, and obey; 162 governing their hearts by his word and spirit, and 163 overcoming all their enemies by his Almighty power, and wisdom; in such manner, and wayes as are most consonant to his wonderful, and 164 unsearchable dispensation; and all of free, and absolute Grace, without any condition foreseen in them, to procure it.
  9. This office of Mediator between God and Man, is proper 165 onely to Christ, who is the Prophet, Priest, and King of the Church of God; and may not be either in whole, or any part thereof transfer’d from him to any other.
  10. This number and order of Offices is necessary; for in respect of our 166 ignorance, we stand in need of his prophetical Office; and in respect of our alienation from God, 167 and imperfection of the best of our services, we need his Priestly office, to reconcile us, and present us acceptable unto God: and in respect o our averseness, and utter inability to return to God, and for our rescue, and security from our spiritual adversaries, we need his Kingly office, 168 to convince, subdue, draw, uphold, deliver, and preserve us to his Heavenly Kingdome.


Of Free Will.

  1. God hath indued the Will of Man, with that natural liberty, and power of acting upon choice; that it is 169 neither forced, nor by any necessity of nature determined to do good or evil.

  2. Man in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power, to will, and to do that 170 which was good, and well-pleasing to God; but yet 171 was mutable, so that he might fall from it.

  3. Man by his fall into a state of sin hath wholly lost 172 all ability of Will, to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, 173 and dead in Sin, is not able, by his own strength, to 174 convert himself; or to prepare himself thereunto.

  4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of Grace 175 he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone, enables him 176 freely to will, and to do that which is spiritually good; yet so as that by reason of his 177 remaining corruptions he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good; but doth also will that which is evil.

  5. The Will of Man is made 178 perfectly, and immutably free to good alone, in the state of Glory only.


Of Effectual Calling.

  1. Those whom God hath predestinated unto Life, he is pleased in his appointed, and accepted time, 179 effectually to call by his word, and Spirit, out of that state of sin, and death, in which they are by nature, to grace and Salvation 180 by Jesus Christ; inlightning their minds, spiritually, and savingly to 181 understand the things of God; taking away their 182 heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by his Almighty power determining them 183 to that which is good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come 184 most freely, being made willing by his Grace.

  2. This Effectual Call is of God’s free, and special grace alone, 185 not from any thing at all foreseen in man, nor from any power, or agency in the Creature, coworking with his special Grace, 186 the Creature being wholly passive therein, being dead in sins and trespasses, until being quickned & renewed by the holy Spirit, he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the Grace offered and conveyed in it; and that by no less 187 power, then that which raised up Christ from the dead.

  3. Elect Infants dying in infancy, are 188 regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit; who worketh when, and where, and 189 how he pleaseth: so also are all other elect persons, who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the Ministry of the Word.

  4. Others not elected, although they may be called by the Ministry of the word, 190 and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet not being effectually drawn by the Father, they neither will, nor can truly 191 come to Christ; and therefore cannot be saved: much less can men that receive not the Christian Religion 192 be saved; be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the Law of that Religion they do profess.


Of Justification.

  1. Those whom God Effectually calleth, he also freely 193 justifieth, not by infusing Righteousness into them, but by 194 pardoning their sins, and by accounting, and accepting their Persons as 195 Righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone, not by imputing faith it self, the act of beleiving, or any other 196 evangelical obedience to them, as their Righteousness; but by imputing Christs active obedience unto the whole Law, and passive obedience in his death, for their whole and sole Righteousnnss, they 197 receiving, and resting on him, and his Righteousness, by Faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.

  2. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ, and his Righteousness, is the 198 alone instrument of Justification: yet it is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving Graces, and is no dead faith, 199 but worketh by love.

  3. Christ by his obedience, and death, did fully discharge the debt of all ; and did by the sacrifice of himself, in the blood of his cross, undergoing in their stead, the penalty due unto them: make a proper, real and full satisfaction 200 to Gods justice in their behalf: yet in asmuch as he was given by the Father for them, and his Obedience and Satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both 201 freely, not for any thing in them; their Justification is only of Free Grace, that both the exact justice and rich Grace of God, might be 202 glorified in the Justification of sinners.

  4. God did from all eternity decree to 203 justifie all the Elect, and Christ did in the fulness of time die for their sins, and rise 204 again for their Justification; Nevertheless they are not justified personally, untill the Holy Spirit, doth in due time 205 actually apply Christ unto them.

  5. God doth continue to 206 Forgive the sins of , and although they can never fall from the state of 207 justication; yet they may by their sins fall under Gods 208 Fatherly displeasure; and in that condition, they have not usually the light of his Countenance restored unto them, untill they 209 humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith, and repentance.

  6. The Justification of Believers under the Old Testament was in all these respects, 210 one and the same with the justification of Believers under the New Tement.


Of Adoption.

  1. All those that are justified, God 2vouchsafed, in, and for the sake of his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the Grace 211 of Adoption; by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the Liberties, and 212 Priveledges of Children of God; have his 213 name put upon them, 214 receive the Spirit of Adoption, 215 have access to the throne of Grace with boldness, are enabled to cry Abba, Father, are 216 pitied, 217 protected, 218 provided for, and 219 chastned by him, as by a Father; yet never 220 cast off; but sealed 221 to the day of Redemption, and inherit the promises, 222 as heirs, of everlasting Salvation.


Of Sanctification.

  1. They who are united to Christ, Effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart, and a new Spirit created in them, through the vertue of Christ’s death, and Resurrection; are also 223 farther sanctified, really, and personally, through the same vertue, 224 by his word and Spirit dwelling in them; 225 the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, 226 and the several lusts thereof, are more and more weakned, and mortified; and they more and more quickened, and 227 strengthned in all saving graces, to the 228 practice of all true holyness, without which no man shall see the Lord.

  2. This Sanctification is 229 throughout, in the whole man, yet imperfect 230 in this life; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part, whence ariseth a 231 continual, and irreconcilable war; the Flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the Flesh.

  3. In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much 232 prevail; yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ the 233 regenerate part doth overcome; and so the Saints grow in Grace, perfecting holiness in the fear of God, 234 pressing after an heavenly life, in Evangelical Obedience to all the commands which Christ as Head and King, in his Word hath prescribed to them.


Of Saving Faith.

  1. The Grace of Faith, whereby the Elect are enabled to beleive to the saving of their souls, is the work of the Spirit of Christ 235 in their hearts; and is ordinarily wrought by the Ministry of the 236 Word; by which also, and by the administration of Baptisme, and the Lords Supper, Prayer and other Means appointed of God, it is increased, 237 and strengthned.

  2. By this Faith, a Christian believeth to be true, 238 whatsoever is revealed in the Word, for the Authority of God himself; and also apprehendeth an excellency therein, 239 above all other Writings; and all things in the world: as it bears forth the Glory of God in his Attributes, the excellency of Christ in his Nature and Offices; and the Power and Fullness of the Holy Spirit in his Workings, and Operations; and so is enabled to 240 cast his Soul upon the truth thus beleived; and also acteth differently, upon that which each particular, passage thereof containeth; yeilding obedience to the 241 commands, trembling at the 242 threatnings, and embracing the 243 promises of God, for this life, and that which is to come: But the principal acts of Saving Faith, have immediate relation to Christ, accepting, receiving, and resting upon 244 him alone, for Justification, Sanctification, and Eternal Life, by vertue of the Covenant of Grace.

  3. This Faith although it be different in degrees, and may be weak, 245 or strong; yet it is in the least degree of it, different in the kind, or nature of it (as is all other saving Grace) from the Faith, 246 and common grace of temporary beleivers; and therefore though it may be many times assailed, and weakned; yet it gets 247 the victory; growing up in many, to the attainment of a full 248 assurance through Christ, who is both the Author 249 and finisher of our Faith.


Of Repentance unto Life and Salvation.

  1. Such of the Elect as are converted at riper years, having 250 sometimes lived in the state of nature, and therein served divers lusts and pleasures, God in their Effectual Calling giveth them Repentance unto Life.

  2. Whereas there is none that doth good, and sinneth 251 not; and the best of men may through the power, and deceitfulness of their corruption dwelling in them, with the prevalency of temptation, fall into great sins, and provocations; God hath in the Covenant of Grace, mercifully provided that Beleivers so sinning, and falling, 252 be renewed through Repentance unto Salvation.

  3. This saving Repentance is an 253 evangelical Grace, whereby a person being by the Holy Spirit made sensible of the manifold evils of his sin, doth, by Faith in Christ, humble himself for it, with godly sorrow, detestation of it, and self abhorrency; 254 praying for pardon, and strength of grace, with a purpose and endeavour by supplies of the Spirit, to 255 walk before God unto all well pleasing in all things.

  4. As Repentance is to be continued through the whole course of our lives, upon the account of the body of death, and the motions thereof; so it is every mans duty, to repent of his 256 particular known sins, particularly.

  5. Such is the provision which God hath made through Christ in the Covenant of Grace, for the preservation of Believers unto Salvation, that although there is no sin so small, but it deserves 257 damnation; yet there is no sin so great, that it shall bring damnation on them that 258 repent; which makes the constant preaching of Repentance necessary.


Of Good Works.

  1. Good Works are only such as God hath 259 commanded in his Holy word; and not such as without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, 260 or upon any pretence of good intentions.

  2. These good works, done in obedience to Gods commandments, are the fruits, and evidences 261 of a true, and lively faith; and by them Believers manifest their 262 thankfullness, strengthen their 263 assurance, edifie their 264 brethren, adorn the profession of the Gospel, stop the mouths of the adversaries and glorifie 265 God whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus 266 thereunto, that having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end 267 eternal life.

  3. Their ability to do good works, is not at all of themselves; but wholly from the Spirit 268 of Christ; and that they may be enabled thereunto, besides the graces they have already received, there is necessary an 269 actual influence of the same Holy Spirit, to work in them to will, and to do, of his good pleasure; yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty, unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in 270 stirring up the Grace of God that is in them.

  4. They who in their obedience attain to the greatest height which is possible in this life, are so far from being able to 3superrogate, and to do more then God requires, as that 271 they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.

  5. We cannot by our best works merit pardon of Sin or Eternal Life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom by them we can neither profit, nor satisfie for the debt of our 272 former sins; but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants; and because as they are good they proceed from his 273 Spirit, and as they are wrought by us they are defiled 274 and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection that they cannot endure the severity of Gods judgement.

  6. Yet notwithstanding the persons of Believers being accepted through Christ their good works also are accepted in 275 him; not as though they were in this life wholly unblameable and unreprovable in Gods sight; but that he looking upon them in his Son is pleased to accept and reward that which is 276 sincere although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.

  7. Works done by unregenerate men although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands, and of good use, both to themselves and 277 others; yet because they proceed not from a heart purified by 278 faith, nor are done in a right manner according to the 279 word, nor to a right end the 280 glory of God; they are therefore sinful and cannot please God; nor make a man meet to receive grace from 281 God; and yet their neglect of them is more sinful and 282 displeasing to God.


Of Perseverance of the Saints.

  1. Those whom God hath accepted in the beloved, effectually called and Sanctified by his Spirit, and given the precious faith of his Elect unto, can neither totally nor finally fall from the state of grace; 283 but shall certainly persevere therein to the end and be eternally saved, seeing the gifts and callings of God are without Repentance, (whence he still begets and nourisheth in them Faith, Repentance, Love, Joy, Hope, and all the graces of the Spirit unto immortality) and though many storms and floods arise and beat against them, yet they shall never be able to take them off that foundation and rock which by faith they are fastned upon: notwithstanding through unbelief and the temptations of Satan the sensible sight of the light and love of God, may for a time be clouded, and obscured from 284 them, yet he is still the same 285 and they shall be sure to be kept by the power of God unto Salvation, where they shall enjoy their purchased possession, they being engraven upon the palm of his hands, and their names having been written in the book of life from all Eternity.

  2. This perseverance of the Saints depends not upon their own free will; but upon the immutability of the decree of 286 Election flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father; upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ 287 and Union with him, the 288 oath of God, the abiding of his Spirit & the 289 seed of God within them, and the nature of the 290 Covenant of Grace from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof.

  3. And though they may through the temptation of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of means of their preservation fall into grievous 291 sins, and for a time continue therein; whereby they incur 292 Gods displeasure, and grieve his holy Spirit, come to have their graces and 293 comforts impaired have their hearts hardened, and their Consciences wounded, 294 hurt, and scandalize others, and bring temporal judgements 295 upon themselves: yet they shall renew their 296 repentance and be preserved through faith in Christ Jesus to the end.


Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation.

  1. Although temporary Believers, and other unregenerate men, may vainly deceive themselves with false hopes, and carnal presumptions, of being in the favour of God, and state of salvation, 297 which hope of theirs shall perish; yet such as truely believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good Conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured 298 that they are in the state of Grace; and may rejoyce in the hope of the glory of God which hope shall never make them 299 ashamed.

  2. This certainty is not a bare conjectural, and probable perswasion, grounded upon 300 a fallible hope; but an infallible assurance of faith founded on the Blood and Righteousness of Christ 301 revealed in the Gospel; and also upon the inward 302 evidence of those graces of the Spirit unto which promises are made, and on the testimony of the 303 Spirit of adoption, witnessing with our Spirits that we are the children of God; and as a fruit thereof keeping the heart both 304 humble and holy.

  3. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true Believer, may wait long and conflict with many difficulties before he be 305 partaker of it; yet being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may without extraordinary revelation in the right use of means 306 attain thereunto: and therefore it is the duty of every one, to give all diligence to make their Calling and Election sure, that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the holy Spirit, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and chearfulness in the duties of obedience, the proper 307 fruits of this Assurance; so far is it 308 from inclining men to looseness.

  4. True Believers may have the assurance of their Salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as 309 by negligence in preserving of it, by 310 falling into som special Sin, which woundeth the Conscience, and grieveth the Spirit, by some sudden or 311 vehement temptation, by Gods withdrawing the 312 light of his countenance and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness and to have no light; yet are they never destitute of the 313 seed of God, and Life 314 of Faith, that Love of Christ, and the brethren, that sincerity of Heart, and Conscience of duty, out of which by the operation of the Spirit, this Assurance may in due time be 315 revived: and by the which in the mean time they are 316 preserved from utter despair.


Of the Law of God.

  1. God gave to Adam a Law of universal obedience, 317 written in his Heart, and a particular precept of not eating the Fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil; by which he bound him, and all his posterity to personal entire exact and perpetual 318 obedience; promised life upon the fulfilling, and 319 threatned death upon the breach of it; and indued him with power and ability to keep it.

  2. The same Law that was first written in the heart of man, 320 continued to be a perfect rule of Righteousness after the fall; & was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in 321 Ten Commandments and written in two Tables; the four first containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man.

  3. Besides this Law commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel Ceremonial Laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, 322 prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly holding forth divers instructions 323 of moral duties, all which Ceremonial Laws being appointed only to the time of reformation, are by Jesus Christ the true Messiah and only Law-giver who was furnished with power from the Father, for that end, 324 abrogated and taken away.

  4. To them also he gave sundry judicial Laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any now by vertue of that institution; their general 325 equity onely, being of moral use.

  5. The moral Law doth for ever bind all, 326 as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof, and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the 327 authority of God the Creator; who gave it: Neither doth Christ in the Gospel any way dissolve, 328 but much strengthen this obligation.

  6. Although true Believers be not under the Law, as a Covenant of Works, 329 to be thereby Justified or condemned; yet it is of great use to them as well as to others: in that, as a Rule of Life, informing them of the Will of God, and their Duty, it directs and binds them, to walk accordingly; 330 discovering also the sinfull pollutions of their Natures, Hearts and Lives; so as Examining themselves thereby, they may come to further Conviction of, Humiliation for, and Hatred against Sin; together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ and the perfection of his Obedience: It is likewise of use to the Regenerate to restrain their Corruptions, in that it forbids Sin; and the Threatnings of it serve to shew what even their Sins deserve; and what afflictions in this Life they may expect for them, although free’d from the Curse and unallayed Rigor thereof. The Promises of it likewise shew them Gods approbation of Obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, though not as due to them by the Law as a Covenant of Works; so as mans doing Good and refraining from Evil, because the Law incourageth to the one and deterreth from the other, is no Evidence of his being 331 under the Law and not under Grace.

  7. Neither are the forementioned uses of the Law 332 contrary to the Grace of the Gospel; but do sweetly comply with it; the Spirit of Christ subduing 333 and inabling the Will of man, to do that freely and chearfully, which the will of God revealed in the Law, requireth to be done.


Of the Gospel, and of the extent of the Grace thereof.

  1. The Covenant of Works being broken by Sin, and made unprofitable unto Life; God was pleased to give forth the promise of Christ, 334 the Seed of the Woman, as the means of calling the Elect, and begetting in them Faith and Repentance; in this Promise, the 335 Gospel, as to the substance of it, was revealed, and therein Effectual, for the Conversion and Salvation of Sinners.

  2. This Promise of Christ, and Salvation by him, is revealed only by 336 the Word of God; neither do the Works of Creation, or Providence, with the light of Nature, 337 make discovery of Christ, or of Grace by him; so much as in a general, or obscure way; much less that men destitute of the Revelation of him by the Promise, or Gospel; 338 should be enabled thereby, to attain saving Faith, or Repentance.

  3. The Revelation of the Gospel unto Sinners, made in divers times, and by sundry parts; with the addition of Promises, and Precepts for the Obedience required therein, as to the Nations, and Persons, to whom it is granted, is meerly of the 339 Soveraign Will and good Pleasure of God; not being annexed by vertue of any Promise, to the due improvement of mens natural abilities, by vertue of Common light received, without it; which none ever did 340 make, or can so do: And therefore in all Ages the preaching of the Gospel hath been granted unto persons and Nations, as to the extent, or streightning of it, in great variety, according to the Councell of the Will of God.

  4. Although the Gospel be the only outward means, of revealing Christ, and saving Grace; and is, as such, abundantly sufficient thereunto; yet that men who are dead in Trespasses, may be born again, Quickned or Regenerated; there is moreover necessary, an effectual, 4insuperable 341 work of the Holy Spirit, upon the whole Soul, for the producing in them a new spiritual Life; without which no other means will effect 342 their Conversion unto God.


Of Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience.

  1. The Liberty which Christ hath purchased for Believers under the Gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of Sin, the condemning wrath of God, the Rigour and 343 Curse of the Law; and in their being delivered from this present evil 344 World, Bondage to 345 Satan, and Dominion 346 of Sin; from the 347 Evil of Afflictions; the Fear, and Sting 348 of Death, the Victory of the Grave, and 349 Everlasting Damnation; as also in their 350 free access to God; and their yielding Obedience unto him not out of a slavish fear, 351 but a Child-like love, and willing mind.

    All which were common also to Believers under the Law 352 for the substance of them; but under the new Testament, the Liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the Ceremonial Law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected; and in greater boldness of access to the Throne of Grace; and in fuller Communications of the 353 Free Spirit of God, then Believers under the Law did ordinarily partake of.

  2. God alone is 354 Lord of the Conscience, and hath left it free from the Doctrines and Commandments of men, 355 which are in any thing contrary to his Word, or not contained in it. So that to Believe such Doctrines, or obey such Commands out of Conscience, 356 is to betray true liberty of Conscience; and the requiring of an 357 implicit Faith, and absolute and blind Obedience, is to destroy Liberty of Conscience, and Reason also.

  3. They who upon pretence of Christian Liberty do practice any sin, or cherish any sinfull lust; as they do thereby pervert the main design of the Grace of the Gospel, 358 to their own Destruction; so they wholy destroy 359 the end of Christian Liberty, which is, that being delivered out of the hands of all our Enemies we might serve the Lord without fear in Holiness, and Righteousness before him, all the days of our Life.


Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day.

  1. The light of Nature shews that there is a God, who hath Lordship, and Soveraigntye over all; is just, good, and doth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the Heart, and all the Soul, 360 and with all the Might. But the acceptable way of Worshipping the true God, is 361 instituted by himself; and so limited by his own revealed will, that he may not be Worshipped according to the imaginations, and devices of Men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representations, or 362 any other way, not prescribed in the Holy Scriptures.

  2. Religious Worship is to be given to God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and to him 363 alone; not to Angels, Saints, or any other 364 Creatures; and since the fall, not without a 365 Mediator, nor in the Mediation of any other but 366 Christ alone.

  3. Prayer with thanksgiving, being one special part of natural worship, is by God required of 367 all men. But that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the 368 Name of the Son, by the help 369 of the Spirit, according to 370 his Will; with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance; and when with others, in a 371 known tongue.

  4. Prayer is to be made for things lawful, and for all sorts of men living, 372 or that shall live hereafter; but not 373 for the dead, nor for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned 374 the sin unto death.

  5. The 375 reading of the Scriptures, Preaching, and 376 hearing the word of God, teaching and admonishing one another in Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual songs, singing with grace in our Hearts to 377 the Lord; as also the Administration 378 of Baptism, and 379 the Lords Supper are all parts of Religious worship of God, to be performed in obedience to him, with understanding, faith, reverence, and godly fear; moreover solemn humiliation 380 with fastings; and thanksgiving upon 381 special occasions, ought to be used in an holy and religious manner.

  6. Neither Prayer, nor any other part of Religious worship, is now under the Gospel tied unto, or made more acceptable by, any place in which it is 382 performed, or towards which it is directed; but God is to be worshipped every where in Spirit, and in truth; as in 383 private families 384 daily, and 385 in secret each one by himself, so more solemnly in the publick Assemblies, which are not carelessely, nor wilfuly, to be 386 neglected, or forsaken, when God by his word, or providence calleth thereunto.

  7. As it is of the Law of nature, that in general a proportion of time by Gods appointment, be set a part for the Worship of God; so by his Word in a positive-moral, and perpetual Commandement, binding all men, in all Ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven for a 387 Sabbath to be kept holy unto him, which from the beginning of the World to the Resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week 388 which is called the Lords day; and is to be continued to the end of the World, as the Christian Sabbath; the observation of the last day of the week being abolished.

  8. The Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering their common affairs aforehand, do not only observe an holy 389 rest all the day, from their own works, words, and thoughts, about their worldly employment, and recreations, but also are taken up the whole time in the publick and private exercises of his worship, and in the duties 390 of necessity and mercy.


Of Lawful Oaths and Vows.

  1. A lawful 5Oath is a part of religious worship, 391 wherein the person swearing in Truth, Righteousness, and Judgement, solemnly calleth God to witness what he sweareth; 392 and to judge him according to the Truth or falseness thereof.

  2. The Name of God only is that by which men ought to swear; and therein it is to be used, with all Holy Fear and reverence, therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious, and dreadful name; or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful and to be 393 abhorred; yet as in matter of weight and moment for confirmation of truth, 394 and ending all strife, an Oath is warranted by the Word of God; so a lawful Oath being imposed, 395 by lawful Authority, in such matters, ought to be taken.

  3. Whosoever taketh an Oath warranted by the Word of God, ought duely to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act; and therein to 6avouch nothing, but what he knoweth to be the truth; for that by rash, false, and vain Oaths the 396 Lord is provoked, and for them this Land mournes.

  4. An Oath is to be taken in the plain, and 397 common sense of the words; without equivocation, or mental reservation.

  5. A 7Vow which is not to be made to any Creature, but to God alone, 398 is to be made and performed with all Religious care, and faithfulness: But Popish Monastical Vows, 399 of perpetual single life, professed 400 poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious, 401 and sinful snares, in which no Christian may intangle himself.


Of the Civil Magistrate.

  1. God the supream Lord, and King of all the World, hath ordained Civil 402 Magistrates to be under him, over the people for his own glory, and the publick good; and to this end hath armed them with the power of the Sword, for defence and encouragement of them that do good, and for the punishment of evil doers.

  2. It is lawful for Christians to Accept, and Execute the Office of a Magistrate when called thereunto; in the management whereof, as they ought especially to maintain 403 Justice, and Peace, according to the wholsome Laws of each Kingdome, and Commonwealth: so for that end they may lawfully now under the New Testament 404 wage war upon just and necessary occasions.

  3. Civil Magistrates being set up by God, for the ends aforesaid; subjection in all lawful things commanded by them, ought to be yeilded by us, in the Lord; not only for wrath 405 but for Conscience sake; and we ought to make supplications and prayers for Kings, and all that are in Authority, 406 that under them we may live a quiet and peaceable life, in all godliness and honesty.


Of Marriage.

  1. Marriage is to be between one Man and one Woman; 407 neither is it lawful for any man to have more then one Wife, nor for any Woman to have more then one Husband at the same time.

  2. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help 408 of Husband and Wife, 409 for the increase of Man-kind, with a legitimate issue, and for 410 preventing of uncleanness.

  3. It is lawful for 411 all sorts of people to Marry, who are able with judgment to give their consent; yet it is the duty of Christians 412 to marry in the Lord, and therefore such as profess the true Religion, should not Marry with Infidels, 413 or Idolaters; neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are wicked, in their life, or maintain damnable Heresie.

  4. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of 8consanguinity, 414 or 9Affinity forbidden in the word; nor can such incestuous Marriage ever be made lawful, by any law of Man or consent of parties, 415 so as those persons may live together as Man and Wife.


Of the Church.

  1. The Catholick or universal Church, which (with respect to the internal work of the Spirit, and truth of grace) may be called invisible, consists of the whole 416 number of the Elect, that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one, under Christ the head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

  2. All persons throughout the world, professing the faith of the Gospel, and obedience unto God by Christ, according unto it; not destroying their own profession by any Errors everting the foundation, or unholyness of 10conversation, 417 are and may be called visible Saints; 418 and of such ought all particular Congregations to be constituted.

  3. The purest Churches under heaven are subject 419 to mixture, and error; and som have so degenerated as to become 420 no Churches of Christ, but Synagogues of Satan; nevertheless Christ always hath had, and ever shall have a 421 Kingdome in this world, to the end thereof, of such as believe in him, and make profession of his Name.

  4. The Lord Jesus Christ is the Head of the Church, in whom by the appointment of the Father, 422 all power for the calling, institution, order, or Government of the Church, is invested in a supream & soveraigne manner, neither can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof, but is 423 that Antichrist, that Man of sin, and Son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the Church against Christ, and all that is called God; whom the Lord shall destroy with the brightness of his coming. 424

  5. In the execution of this power wherewith he is so intrusted, the Lord Jesus calleth out of the World unto himself, through the Ministry of his word, by his Spirit, 425 those that are given unto him by his Father; that they may walk before him in all the 426 ways of obedience, which he prescribeth to them in his Word. Those thus called he commandeth to walk together in particular societies, or 427 Churches, for their mutual edification; and the due performance of that publick worship, which he requireth of them in the World.

  6. The Members of these Churches are 428 Saints by calling, visibly manifesting and evidencing (in and by their profession and walking) their obedience unto that call of Christ; and do willingly consent to walk together according to the appointment of Christ, giving up themselves, to the Lord & one to another by the will of God, 429 in professed subjection to the Ordinances of the Gospel.

  7. To each of these Churches thus gathered, according to his mind, declared in his word, he hath given all that 430 power and authority, which is any way needfull, for their carrying on that order in worship, and discipline, which he hath instituted for them to observe; with commands, and rules, for the due and right exerting, and executing of that power.

  8. A particular Church gathered, and compleatly Organized, according to the mind of Christ, consists of Officers, and Members; And the Officers appointed by Christ to be chosen and set apart by the Church (so called and gathered) for the peculiar Administration of Ordinances, and Execution of Power, or Duty, which he intrusts them with, or calls them to, to be continued to the end of the World are 431 Bishops or Elders and Deacons.

  9. The way appointed by Christ for the Calling of any person, fitted, and gifted by the Holy Spirit, unto the Office of Bishop, or Elder, in a Church, is, that he be chosen thereunto by the common 432 suffrage of the Church it self; and Solemnly set apart by Fasting and Prayer, with imposition of hands of the 433 Eldership of the Church, if there be any before Constituted therein; And of a Deacon 434 that he be chosen by the like suffrage, and set apart by Prayer, and the like Imposition of hands.

  10. The work of Pastors being constantly to attend the Service of Christ, in his Churches, in the Ministry of the Word, and Prayer, 435 with watching for their Souls, as they that must give an account to him; it is incumbent on the Churches to whom they Minister, not only to give them all due respect, 436 but also to communicate to them of all their good things according to their ability, so as they may have a comfortable supply, without being themselves 437 entangled in Secular Affairs; and may also be capable of exercising 438 Hospitality toward others; and this is required by the 439 Law of Nature, and by the Express order of our Lord Jesus, who hath ordained that they that preach the Gospel, should live of the Gospel.

  11. Although it be incumbent on the Bishops or Pastors of the Churches to be instant in Preaching the Word, by way of Office; yet the work of Preaching the Word, is not so peculiarly confined to them; but that others also 440 gifted, and fitted by the Holy Spirit for it, and approved, and called by the Church, may and ought to perform it.

  12. As all Believers are bound to joyn themselves to particular Churches, when and where they have opportunity so to do; So all that are admitted unto the priviledges of a Church, are also 441 under the Censures and Government thereof, according to the Rule of Christ.

  13. No Church-members upon any offence taken by them, having performed their Duty required of them towards the person they are offended at, ought to disturb any Church order, or absent themselves from the Assemblies of the Church, or Administration of any Ordinances, upon the account of such offence at any of their fellow-members; but to wait upon Christ, 442 in the further proceeding of the Church.

  14. As each Church, and all the Members of it are bound to 443 pray continually, for the good and prosperity of all the Churches of Christ, in all places; and upon all occasions to further it (every one within the bounds of their places, and callings, in the Exercise of their Gifts and Graces) so the Churches (when planted by the providence of God so as they may injoy opportunity and advantage for it) ought to hold 444 communion amongst themselves for their peace, increase of love, and mutual edification.

  15. In cases of difficulties or differences, either in point of Doctrine, or Administration; wherein either the Churches in general are concerned, or any one Church in their peace, union, and edification; or any member, or members, of any Church are injured, in or by any proceedings in censures not agreeable to truth, and order: it is according to the mind of Christ, that many Churches holding communion together, do by their messengers meet to consider, 445 and give their advice, in or about that matter in difference, to be reported to all the Churches concerned; howbeit these messengers assembled are not entrusted with any Church-power properly so called; or with any jurisdiction over the Churches themselves, to exercise any censures either over any Churches, or Persons: or 446 to impose their determination on the Churches, or Officers.


Of the Communion of Saints.

  1. All Saints that are united to Jesus Christ their Head, by his Spirit, and Faith; although they are not made thereby one person with him, have 447 fellowship in his Graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory; and being united to one another in love, they 448 have communion in each others gifts, and graces; and are obliged to the performance of such duties, publick and private, in an orderly way, 449 as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward man.

  2. Saints by profession are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services, 450 as tend to their mutual edification; as also in relieving each other in 451 outward things according to their several abilities, and necessities; which communion according to the rule of the Gospel, though especially to be exercised by them, in the relations wherein they stand, whether in 452 families, or 453 Churches; yet as God offereth opportunity is to be extended to all the houshold of faith, even all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus; nevertheless their communion one with another as Saints, doth not take away or 454 infringe, the title or propriety, which each man hath in his goods and possessions.


Of Baptism and the Lords Supper.

  1. Baptism and the Lords Supper are ordinances of positive, and soveraign institution; appointed by the Lord Jesus the only Law-giver, to be continued in his Church 455 to the end of the world.

  2. These holy appointments are to be administred by those only, who are qualified and thereunto called according 456 to the commission of Christ.


Of Baptism.

  1. Baptism is an Ordinance of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ, to be unto the party Baptized, a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, 457 and resurrection; of his being engrafted into him; of 458 remission of sins; and of his 459 giving up unto God through Jesus Christ to live and walk in newness of Life.

  2. Those who do actually professe 460 repentance towards God, faith in, and obedience, to our Lord Jesus, are the only proper subjects of this ordinance.

  3. The outward element to be used in this ordinance 461 is water, wherein the party is to be baptized, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.

  4. Immersion, or dipping of the person 462 in water, is necessary to the due administration of this ordinance.


Of the Lords Supper.

  1. The Supper of the Lord Jesus, was instituted by him, the same night wherein he was betrayed, to be observed in his Churches unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance, and shewing forth the sacrifice of himself in his death 463 confirmation of the faith of believers in all the benefits thereof, their spiritual nourishment, and growth in him, their further ingagement in, and to, all duties which they owe unto him; 464 and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other.

  2. In this ordinance Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all, for remission of sin of the quick or dead; but only a memorial of that 465 one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the crosse, once for all; and a spiritual oblation of all 466 possible praise unto God for the same; so that the Popish sacrifice of the Mass (as they call it) is most abominable, injurious to Christs own only sacrifice, the alone 11propitiation for all the sins of the Elect.

  3. The Lord Jesus hath in this Ordinance, appointed his Ministers to Pray, and bless the Elements of Bread and Wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to an holy use, and to take and break the Bread; to take the Cup, 467 and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the Communicants.

  4. The denyal of the Cup to the people, worshiping the Elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and reserving them for any pretended religious use, 468 are all contrary to the nature of this Ordinance, and to the institution of Christ.

  5. The outward Elements in this Ordinance, duely set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truely, although in terms used figuratively, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit the 469 body and Blood of Christ; albeit in substance, and nature, they still remain truly, and only 470 Bread, and Wine, as they were before.

  6. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of Bread and Wine, into the substance of Christs body and blood (commonly called Transubstantiation) by consecration of a Priest, or by any other way, is repugnant not to Scripture 471 alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the 472 nature of the ordinance, and hath been and is the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross Idolatries.

  7. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible Elements in this Ordinance, do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally, and corporally, but spiritually receive, and feed upon Christ crucified 473 & all the benefits of his death: the Body and Blood of Christ, being then not corporally, or carnally, but spiritually present to the faith of Believers, in that Ordinance, as the Elements themselves are to their outward senses.

  8. All ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion 474 with Christ; so are they unworthy of the Lords Table; and cannot without great sin against him, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, 475 or be admitted thereunto: yea whosoever shall receive unworthily are guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord, eating and drinking judgement to themselves.


Of the State of Man after Death and of the Resurrection of the Dead.

  1. The Bodies of Men after Death return to dust, 476 and see corruption; but their Souls (which neither die nor sleep) having an immortal subsistence, immediately 477 return to God who gave them: the Souls of the Righteous being then made perfect in holyness, are received into paradise where they are with Christ, and behold the face of God, in light 478 and glory; waiting for the full Redemption of their Bodies; and the souls of the wicked, are cast into hell; where they remain in torment and utter darkness, reserved to 479 the judgement of the great day; besides these two places for Souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth none.

  2. At the last day such of the Saints as are found alive shall not sleep but be 480 changed; and all the dead shall be raised up with the self same bodies, and 481 none other; although with different 482 qualities, which shall be united again to their Souls for ever.

  3. The bodies of the unjust shall by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just by his spirit unto honour, 483 and be made conformable to his own glorious Body.


Of the Last Judgement.

  1. God hath appointed a Day wherein he will judge the world in Righteousness, by 484 Jesus Christ; to whom all power and judgement is given of the Father; in which Day not only the 485 Apostate Angels shall be judged; but likewise all persons that have lived upon the Earth, shall appear before the Tribunal of Christ; 486 to give an account of their Thoughts, Words, and Deeds, and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil.

  2. The end of Gods appointing this Day, is for the manifestation of the glory of his Mercy, in the Eternal Salvation of the Elect; 487 and of his Justice in the Eternal damnation of the Reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient; for then shall the Righteous go into Everlasting Life, and receive that fulness of Joy, and Glory, with everlasting reward, in the presence 488 of the Lord: but the wicked who know not God, and obey not the Gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into Eternal torments, and 489 punished with everlasting destruction, from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.

  3. As Christ would have us to be certainly perswaded that there shall be a Day of judgement, both 490 to deter all men from sin, and for the greater 491 consolation of the godly, in their adversity; so will he have that day unknown to Men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour, the 492 Lord will come; and may ever be prepared to say, 493 Come Lord Jesus, Come quickly, Amen.


  1. 2 Tim. 3. 15,16,17. Isa. 8. 20. Luk. 16. 29, 31. Eph. 2. 20.  2

  2. Rom. 1. 19, 20, 21. &c. ch 2. 14, 15. Psal. 19. 1, 2, 3.  2

  3. Heb. 1. 1.  2

  4. Pro. 22. 19, 20, 21. Rom. 15. 4. 2 Pet. 1. 19, 20.  2

  5. 2 Tim. 3. 16.  2

  6. Luk. 24. 27, 44. Rom. 3. 2.  2

  7. 2 Pet. 1. 19, 20, 21. 2 Tim. 3. 16. 2 Thes. 2. 13. 1 Joh. 5. 9.  2

  8. Joh. 16. 13, 14. 1 Cor. 2. 10, 11, 12. 1 John 2. 2.20.27.  2

  9. 2 Tim. 3. 15, 16, 17. Gal. 1. 8, 9.  2

  10. John 6. 45. 1 Cor. 2. 9, 10, 11, 12.  2

  11. 1 Cor. 11, 13, 14. & ch. 14. 26. & 40.  2

  12. 2 Pet. 3. 16. 

  13. Ps. 19. 7. and 119. 130. 

  14. Rom. 3. 2. 

  15. Isa. 8. 20. 

  16. Act. 15. 15. 

  17. John 5. 39. 

  18. 1 Cor. 14, 6.9.11,12.24.28. 

  19. Col. 3. 16. 

  20. 2 Pet. 1. 20, 21. Act. 15. 15, 16. 

  21. Mat. 22. 29.31. Eph. 2. 20. Acts 28. 23. 

  22. 1 Cor. 8.4 6. Deut. 6.4. 

  23. Jer 10.10. Isaiah 48.12. 

  24. Exod 3.14. 

  25. Joh. 4.24. 

  26. 1 Tim. 1.17. Deut. 4.15,16. 

  27. Mal. 3.6. 

  28. 1 King. 8.27. Jer. 23.23. 

  29. Ps. 90.2. 

  30. Gen. 17.1. 

  31. Isa. 6.3. 

  32. Ps. 115.3. Isa. 46.10. 

  33. Pro. 16.4. Rom. 11.36. 

  34. Exod. 34.6,7. Hebr. 11.6. 

  35. Neh. 9.32,33. 

  36. Ps. 5.5,6. 

  37. Exod. 34.7. Nahum. 1,2,3. 

  38. Joh. 5.26. 

  39. Ps. 148.13. 

  40. Ps. 119.68. 

  41. Job, 22.2,3. 

  42. Rom. 11.34.35,36. 

  43. Dan. 4.25. and v. 34, 35. 

  44. Heb. 4.13. 

  45. Ezek. 11.5 Act. 15.18. 

  46. Ps. 145.17. 

  47. Rev. 5.12,13,14. 

  48. 1 Joh. 5.7. Mat. 28.19. 2 Cor. 13.14. 

  49. Exod. 3.14. Joh. 14.11. 1 Cor. 8.6. 

  50. Joh. 1.14.18. 

  51. Joh. 15.26. Gal. 4.6. 

  52. Is. 46.10. Eph. 1.11. Heb. 6.17. Rom. 9.15,18. 

  53. Jam. 1.15,17. 1 Joh. 1.5. 

  54. Act 4.27,28. Joh. 19.11. 

  55. Numb. 23.19. Eph. 1.3,4,5. 

  56. Act. 15.18. 

  57. Rom. 

  58. 1 Tim. 5.21. Mat. 25.41. 

  59. Eph. 1.5,6. 

  60. Rom. 9.22,23. Jud. 4. 

  61. 2 Tim. 2.19. Joh. 13.18. 

  62. Eph. Rom. 8.30. 2 Tim. 1.9. 1 Thes. 5.9. 

  63. Rom. 9.13.16. Eph. 1.6.12. 

  64. 1 Pet. 1.2. 2 Thes. 2.13. 

  65. 1 Thes. 5.9,10. 

  66. Rom. 8.30. 2 Thes. 2.13. 

  67. 1 Pet. 1.5. 

  68. Joh. 10.26. Joh. 17.9. Joh. 6.64. 

  69. 1 Thes. 1.4,5. 2 Pet. 1.10. 

  70. Eph. 1.6. Rom. 11.33. 

  71. Rom. 11.5,6. 

  72. Luk. 10.20. 

  73. John 1.2,3. Heb. 1.2. Job 26.13 

  74. Rom. 1.20. 

  75. Col. 1.16. Gen 2.1,2. 

  76. Gen. 1.27. 

  77. Gen. 2.7. 

  78. Eccles. 7.29. Gen. 1.26. 

  79. Rom. 2.14,15. 

  80. Gen. 3.6. 

  81. Gen. 6.17. & ch. 3.8,9,10. 

  82. Gen. 1.26,28. 

  83. Heb. 1.3. Job 38.11. Isa. 46 10,11. Ps. 135.6. 

  84. Mat. 10.29,30,31. 

  85. Eph. 1.11. 

  86. Act. 2.23. 

  87. Pro. 16.33. 

  88. Gen. 8.22. 

  89. Act. 27.31.44. Isa. 55.10 11. 

  90. Rom. 4.19,20,21. 

  91. Dan. 3.27. 

  92. Rom. 11 32,33.34. 2 Sam. 24 1. 1 Chro. 21.1. 

  93. 2 Kings 19.28. Ps. 76.10. 

  94. Gen. 50 20. Isa. 10 6,7.12. 

  95. Ps. 50.21 1 Joh. 2.16. 

  96. 2 Chro. 32.25,26.31. 2 Sam. 24 1. 2 Cor. 12.7,8,9. 

  97. Rom. 8.28. 

  98. Rom. ch. 11.7,8. 

  99. Deut. 29.4. 

  100. Mat. 13.12. 

  101. Deut. 2.30. 2 King. 8.12,13. 

  102. Psal. 81.11,12. 2 Thes. 2.10,11,12. 

  103. Exod. 8.15.32. Is. 6.9,10. 1 Pet. 2.7,8. 

  104. 1 Tim. 4.10. Amos 9.8.9. Isa. 43.3,4,5. 

  105. Gen. 3.12,13. 2 Cor. 11 3. 

  106. Rom. 3.23. 

  107. Rom 5.12 &c. 

  108. Tit. 1.15 Gen. 6.5. Jer. 17 9. Rom. 3.10-19. 

  109. Rom. 5.12-19. 1 Cor. 15.21,22.45.49. 

  110. Ps. 51.5. Job 14.4. 

  111. Eph. 2.3. 

  112. Rom. 6.20. & ch. 5.12. 

  113. Heb. 2.14. 1 Thes. 1.10. 

  114. Rom. 8.7. Col. 1.21. 

  115. Jam. 1 14,15. Mat. 15.19. 

  116. Rom. 7.18.23. Eccles. 7.20. 1 Joh. 1.8. 

  117. Rom. 7.24.25. Gal. 5.17. 

  118. Luk. 17.10. Job 35.7.8. 

  119. Gen. 2.17. Gal. 3.10. Rom. 3.20,21. 

  120. Rom. 8.3. Mark 16.15.16. Joh. 3.16. 

  121. Ezek. 36.26,27. Joh. 6.44 45. Ps. 110.3. 

  122. Gen. 3.15. 

  123. Heb. 1.1. 

  124. 2 Tim. 1.9. Tit. 1.2. 

  125. Heb. 11.6.13. Rom. 4.1,2, &c. Act. 4.12. Joh. 8.56. 

  126. Is. 42.1. 1 Pet. 1.19,20. 

  127. Act. 3.22. 

  128. Heb. 5.5,6. 

  129. Ps. 2.6. Luk. 1.33. Eph. 1.23. Heb. 1.2. Act. 17.31. 

  130. Is. 53.10. Joh. 17.6. Rom. 8:30. 

  131. Is. 53.10. Joh. 17.6. Rom. 8:30. 

  132. Rom. 8.3. Heb. 2.14.16,17. ch. 4.15. 

  133. Luk. 1.27,31.35. 

  134. Rom. 9.5. 1 Tim. 2.5. 

  135. Ps. 45.7. Act. 10.38. Joh. 3.34. 

  136. Col. 2.3. 

  137. Col. 1.19. 

  138. Heb. 7.26. 

  139. Joh. 1.14. 

  140. Heb. 7.22. 

  141. Heb. 5.5. 

  142. Joh. 5.22.27. Mat. 28.18. Act. 2.36. 

  143. Ps. 40.7,8. Heb. 10.5-11. Joh. 10.18. 

  144. Gal. 4 4. Mat. 3.15. 

  145. Gal. 3.13. Isa. 53.6. 1 Pet. 3.18. 

  146. 2 Cor. 5 21. 

  147. Mat. 26.37,38. Luk. 22.44. Mat. 27.46. 

  148. Act. 13.37. 

  149. 1 Cor. 15.3,4. 

  150. Joh. 20.25.27. 

  151. Mark 16 19. Act. 1.9,10,11. 

  152. Rom. 8.34. Heb. 9.24. 

  153. Act. 10.42. Rom. 14.9,10. Act. 1.10. [Note:It appears that the reference to Acts 1:10 in the original manuscript is an error. Most modern versions have Acts 1:11, which seems more relevant.] 

  154. Heb. 9.14. ch. 10.14. Rom. 3.25,26. 

  155. Joh. 17.2. Heb. 9.15. 

  156. 1 Cor. 4.10. Heb. 4.2. 1 Pet. 1.10,11. 

  157. Rev. 13.8. 

  158. Heb. 13.8. 

  159. Joh. 3.13. Act. 20.28. 

  160. Joh. 6.37. ch. 10.15.16. & ch. 17.9. Rom. 5.10. 

  161. Joh. 17.6. Eph. 1.9. 1 Joh. 5.20. 

  162. Rom. 8.9.14. 

  163. Ps. 110.1. 1 Cor. 15.25,26. 

  164. Joh. 3.8. Eph. 1.8. 

  165. 1 Tim. 2.5. 

  166. Joh. 1.18. 

  167. Col. 1.21. Gal. 5.17. 

  168. Joh. 16.8. Ps. 110.3. Luk. 1.74.75. 

  169. Mat. 17.12. Jam. 1 14. Deut. 30.19. 

  170. Eccl. 7.29. 

  171. Gen. 3.6. 

  172. Rom. 5.6. ch. 8.7. 

  173. Eph. 2.1.5. 

  174. Tit. 3 3,4,5. Joh. 6.44. 

  175. Col. 1.13. Joh. 8.36. 

  176. Phil. 2.13. 

  177. Rom. 7.15.18,19 21.23. 

  178. Eph. 4.13. 

  179. Rom. 8.30. Rom. 11.7. Eph. 1.10,11. 2 Thes. 3.13,14. [Note: It appears that the reference to 2 Thessalonians 3:13-14 in the original manuscript is an error. Most modern versions have 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14, which seems more relevant.] 

  180. Eph. 2.1-6. 

  181. Act. 26.18. Eph. 1.17.18. 

  182. Ezk. 36.26. 

  183. Deut. 30 6. Ezek. 36.27. Eph. 1.19. 

  184. Ps. 110.3. Cant. 1.4. 

  185. 2 Tim. 1.9. Eph. 2.8. 

  186. 1 Cor. 2.14. Eph. 2.5. Joh. 5.25. 

  187. Eph. 1.19,20. 

  188. Joh. 3.3 5,6. 

  189. Joh. 3.8. 

  190. Mat. 22 14. ch. 13.20,21. Heb. 6.4,5. 

  191. John 6.44,45.65. 1 Joh. 2.24,25. 

  192. Act. 4.12. Joh. 4.22. ch. 17.3. 

  193. Rom. 3.24. ch. 8.30. 

  194. Rom. 4.5,6,7,8. Eph. 1.7. 

  195. 1 Cor. 1.30,31. Rom. 5.17 18,19. 

  196. Phil. 3.8,9. Eph. 2.8,9,10. 

  197. Joh. 1.12. Rom. 5.17. 

  198. Rom. 3.28. 

  199. Gal. 5.6. Jam. 2.17 22.26. 

  200. Heb. 10.14. 1 Pet. 1.18,19. Isa. 53.5,6. 

  201. Rom. 8.32. 2 Cor. 5.21. 

  202. Rom. 3.26. Eph. 1 6,7. ch. 2.7. 

  203. Gal. 3.8. 1 Pet. 1.2. 1 Tim. 2.6. 

  204. Rom. 4.25. 

  205. Col. 1.21,22. Tit. 3.4,5,6,7. 

  206. Mat. 6.12. 1 John 1.7.9. 

  207. Joh. 10 28. 

  208. Ps. 89.31,32,33. 

  209. Psal. 32:5. & 51. Mat. 26.75. 

  210. Gal. 3.9. Rom. 4.22,23,24. 

  211. Eph. 1.5. Gal. 4.4,5. 

  212. Joh. 1.12. Rom. 8.17. 

  213. 2 Cor. 6.18. Rev. 3.12. 

  214. Rom. 8.15. 

  215. Gal. 4.6. Eph. 2.18. 

  216. Ps. 103.13. 

  217. Prov. 14 26. 

  218. 1 Pet. 5.7. 

  219. Heb. 12.6. 

  220. Is. 54.8,9. Lam. 3.31. 

  221. Eph. 4.30. 

  222. Heb. 1.14. ch. 6.12. 

  223. Act. 20.32. Rom. 6.5,6. 

  224. Joh. 17.17. Eph. 3.16,17,18,19. 1 Thes. 5.21,22,23. 

  225. Rom. 6.14. 

  226. Gal. 5.24. 

  227. Col 1.11. 

  228. 2 Cor. 7.1. Heb. 12.14. 

  229. 1 Thes. 5.23. 

  230. Rom. 7.18,23. 

  231. Gal. 5.17. 1 Pet. 2.11. 

  232. Rom. 7.23. 

  233. Rom. 6.14. 

  234. Eph. 4.15.16. 2 Cor. 3.18. ch. 7.1. 

  235. 2 Cor. 4.13. Eph. 2.8. 

  236. Rom. 10 14.17. 

  237. Luk. 17.5. 1 Pet. 2.2. Act. 20.32. 

  238. Act. 24.14. 

  239. Ps. 19.7,8,9,10. Ps. 119.72. 

  240. 2 Tim. 1.12. 

  241. Joh. 15.14. 

  242. Is. 66.2. 

  243. Heb. 11.13. 

  244. Joh. 1.12. Act. 16 31. Gal. 2.20. Act. 15.11. 

  245. Heb. 5.13.14. Mat. 6.30. Rom. 4.19 20. 

  246. 2 Pet. 1.1. 

  247. Eph. 6.16. 1 Joh. 5.4,5. 

  248. Heb. 6.11,12. Col. 2.2. 

  249. Heb. 12.2. 

  250. Tit. 3.2,3,4,5. 

  251. Eccl. 7.20. 

  252. Luk. 22.31,32. 

  253. Zech. 12.10. Act. 11.18. 

  254. Ezek. 36.31. 2 Cor. 7.11. 

  255. Ps. 119 6. Ps. 119.128. 

  256. Luk. 19.8. 1 Tim. 1.13.15. 

  257. Rom. 6.23. 

  258. Is. 1.16.18. Is. 55.7. 

  259. Mic. 6.8. Heb. 13 21. 

  260. Mat. 15.9. Isa. 29.13. 

  261. Jam. 2.18.22. 

  262. Ps. 116.12,13. 

  263. 1 Joh. 2 3.5. 2 Pet. 1.5-11. 

  264. Mat. 5.16. 

  265. 1 Tim. 6.1. 1 Pet. 2.15. Phil. 1.11. 

  266. Eph. 2.10. 

  267. Rom. 6.22. 

  268. Joh. 15.4.6. 

  269. 2 Cor. 3.5. Phil. 2.13. 

  270. Phil. 2.12. Heb. 6.11 12. Isa. 64.7. 

  271. Job 9.2 3. Gal. 5.17. Luk. 17.10. 

  272. Rom. 3.20. Eph. 2.8,9. Rom. 4.6. 

  273. Gal. 5.22,23. 

  274. Isa. 64.6. Ps. 143 2. 

  275. Eph. 1.6. 1 Pet. 2.5. 

  276. Mat. 25.21.23. Heb. 6.10. 

  277. 2 King. 10.30. 1 King. 21.27,29. 

  278. Gen. 4.5. Heb. 11 4.6. 

  279. 1 Cor. 13.1. 

  280. Mat. 6.2.5. 

  281. Amos 5 21,22. Rom. 9.16. Tit. 3.5. 

  282. Job 21.14,15. Mat. 25.41,42,43. 

  283. Joh. 10.28,29. Phi. 1.6. 2 Tim. 2.19. 1 Joh. 2.19. 

  284. Psal. 89.31,32. 1 Cor. 11.32. 

  285. Mal. 3.6. 

  286. Rom. 8.30. ch. 9.11.16. 

  287. Rom. 5.9,10. John 14.19. 

  288. Heb. 6.17,18. 

  289. 1 Joh. 3.9. 

  290. Jer. 32.40. 

  291. Mat. 26.70,72.74. 

  292. Is. 64.5.9. Eph. 4.30. 

  293. Psal. 51.10.12. 

  294. Psa. 32.3,4. 

  295. 2 Sam. 12.14. 

  296. Luk. 22.32. & v. 61 62. 

  297. Job 8.13.14. Mat. 7.22 23. 

  298. 1 Joh. 2.3. ch. 3.14 18,19.21.24. ch. 5.13. 

  299. Rom. 5.2.5. 

  300. Heb. 6.11.19. 

  301. Heb. 6.17,18. 

  302. 2 Pet. 1.4,5,10.11. 

  303. Rom. 8.15,16. 

  304. 1 Joh. 3 1,2,3. 

  305. Isa. 50.10. Ps. 88. & Psa. 77.1-12. 

  306. 1 Joh. 4 13. Heb. 6.11 12. 

  307. Rom. 5.1,2.5. ch. 14,17. Ps. 119.32. 

  308. Rom. 6.1,2. Tit. 2.11,12.14. 

  309. Cant. 5.2,3.6. 

  310. Ps. 

  311. Psa. 116.11. Ps. 77.7,8. Ps. 31 22. 

  312. Ps. 30.7. 

  313. 1 Joh. 3.9. 

  314. Luk. 22.32. 

  315. Ps. 42.5.11. 

  316. Lam. 3.26.27-31. 

  317. Gen. 1.27. Eccl. 7.29. 

  318. Rom. 10 5. 

  319. Gal. 3.10.12. 

  320. Rom. 2.14,15. 

  321. Deut. 10.4. 

  322. Heb. 10.1. Col. 2.17. 

  323. 1 Cor. 5 7. 

  324. Col. 2.14,16,17. Eph. 2.14.16. 

  325. 1 Cor. 9.8,9,10. 

  326. Rom. 13 8,9,10. Jam. 2.8.10,11,12. 

  327. Jam. 2 10,11. 

  328. Mat. 5.17,18,19. Rom. 3.31. 

  329. Rom. 6.14. Gal. 2.16. Rom. 8.1. chap. 10.4. 

  330. Rom. 3.20. chap. 7.7. &c. 

  331. Rom. 6.12,13,14. 1 Pet. 3.8.-13. 

  332. Gal. 3.21. 

  333. Eze. 36.27. 

  334. Gen. 3.15. 

  335. Rev. 13.8. 

  336. Rom. 1.17. 

  337. Ro. 10.14,15,17. 

  338. Pro. 29.18. Isa. 25.7. with ch. 60.2,3. 

  339. Ps. 147,20. Act. 16.7. 

  340. Rom. 1.18, &c. 

  341. Ps. 110.3. 1 Cor. 2.14. Eph. 1.19 20. 

  342. Joh. 6.44. 2 Cor. 4.4.6. 

  343. Gal. 3.13. 

  344. Gal. 1.4. 

  345. Act. 26.18. 

  346. Rom. 8.3. 

  347. Rom. 8.28. 

  348. 1 Cor. 15.54,55,56.57. 

  349. 2 Thes. 1.10. 

  350. Rom. 8.15. 

  351. Luk. 1.74,75. 1 Joh. 4 18. 

  352. Gal. 3,9:14. 

  353. Joh. 7.38,39. Heb. 10, 19,20,21. 

  354. Jam. 4.12. Rom. 14.4. 

  355. Act. 4.19 & 5.29. 1 Cor. 7.23. Mat. 15.9. 

  356. Col. 2.20 22,23. 

  357. 1 Cor. 3.5. 2 Cor. 1.24. 

  358. Rom. 6.1,2. 

  359. Gal. 5.13. 2 Pet. 2.18.-21. 

  360. Jer. 10.7. Mar. 12.33. 

  361. Deut. 12 32. 

  362. Exo 20.4,5,6. 

  363. Mat. 4.9,10. Joh 6.23. Mat. 28.19. 

  364. Rom. 1.25. Col. 2.18. Revel. 19.10. 

  365. Joh. 14.6. 

  366. 1 Tim. 2.5. 

  367. Psal. 95 1-7. Psal. 65.2. 

  368. Joh. 14.13,14. 

  369. Rom. 8.26. 

  370. 1 Joh. 5.14. 

  371. 1 Cor. 14.16,17. 

  372. 1 Tim. 2.1,2. 2 Sam. 7.29. 

  373. 2 Sam. 12.21,22.23. 

  374. 1 Joh. 5.16. 

  375. 1 Tim. 4.13. 

  376. 2 Tim. 4.2. Luk. 8.18. 

  377. Col. 3.16. Eph. 5.19. 

  378. Mat. 28, 19,20. 

  379. 1 Cor. 11 26. 

  380. Esth. 4.16. Joel. 2.12. 

  381. Exo. 15.1. &c. Ps. 107. 

  382. Joh. 4.21. Mal. 1.11. 1 Tim 2.8. 

  383. Act. 10.2. 

  384. Mat. 6.11. Ps. 55.17. 

  385. Mat. 6.6. 

  386. Heb. 10.25. Act. 2.42. 

  387. Exo. 20.8. 

  388. 1 Cor. 16.1,2. Act. 20.7. Rev. 1.10. 

  389. Isa. 58.13. Neh 13.15-23. 

  390. Mat. 12.1-13. 

  391. Exo. 20 7. Deut. 10 20. Jer. 4.2. 

  392. 2 Cro. 6 22,23. 

  393. Mat. 5.34.37. Jam. 5.12. 

  394. Heb. 6.16. 2 Cor. 1.23. 

  395. Neh. 13.25. 

  396. Levit. 19.12. Jer. 23.10. 

  397. Ps. 24.4. 

  398. Psal. 76.11. Gen. 28.20,21 22. 

  399. 1 Cor. 7.2.9. 

  400. Eph. 4.28. 

  401. Mat. 19.11. 

  402. Rom. 13 1,2,3,4. 

  403. 2 Sam. 23.3. Ps. 82.3,4. 

  404. Luk. 3.14. 

  405. Rom. 13.5,6,7. 1 Pet. 2.17. 

  406. 1 Tim. 2.1,2. 

  407. Gen. 2.24. Mal. 2 15. Mat. 19.5,6. 

  408. Gen. 2.18. 

  409. Gen 1.28. 

  410. 1 Cor. 7 2,9. 

  411. Heb. 13,4. 1 Tim. 4,3. 

  412. 1 Cor. 7.39. 

  413. Neh. 13 25,26,27. 

  414. Levit. 18. 

  415. Mar. 6.18. 1 Cor. 5.1. 

  416. Heb. 12.23. Col. 1.18. Eph. 1.10,22.23. & ch. 5.23,27,32. 

  417. 1 Cor. 1 2. Act. 11.26. 

  418. Rom. 1.7. Eph. 1.20,21,22. 

  419. 1 Cor. 15. Rev. 2. & ch. 3.[Note: Most modern versions cite 1 Corinthians 5:1-13 rather than 1 Corinthians 15:1-58 here.] 

  420. Rev. 18.2. 2 Thes. 2.11,12. 

  421. Mat. 16.18. Ps. 72.17. & Ps. 102.28. Rev. 12.17. 

  422. Col. 1.18. Mat. 28.18,19.20. Eph. 4.11,12. 

  423. 2 Thes. 2.3-9. 

  424. [Note: Many today who hold firmly to the 1677/89 Confession cannot agree with this dogmatic identification of the Pope of Rome as the antichrist of 2 Thessalonians 2:2-9.] 

  425. Joh 10.16. chap. 12,32. 

  426. Mat. 28.20. 

  427. Mat. 18.15-20. 

  428. Rom. 1.7. 1 Cor. 1.2. 

  429. Act. 2.41,42. ch. 5.13.14. 2 Cor. 9.13. 

  430. Mat. 18.17,18. 1 Cor. 5.4,5. with v. 13. 2 Cor. 2.6,7,8. 

  431. Act. 20:17, with v. 28. Phil. 1.1. 

  432. Act. 14.23: See the original. 

  433. 1 Tim. 4.14. 

  434. Act. 

  435. Act. 6.4. Heb. 13.17. 

  436. 1 Tim. 5.17,18. Gal. 6.6,7. 

  437. 2 Tim. 2.4. 

  438. 1 Tim. 3.2. 

  439. 1 Cor. 9.6.-14. 

  440. Act. 11.19,20,21. 1 Pet. 4.10.11. 

  441. 1 Thes. 5.14. 2 Thes 3.6.14,15. 

  442. Mat. 18.15.16,17. Eph. 4 2,3. 

  443. Eph. 6.18. Ps. 122.6. 

  444. Rom. 16.1,2. 3 Joh. 8,9,10. 

  445. Act. 15.2,4,6. & 22,23.25. 

  446. 2 Cor. 1.24. 1 Joh. 4.1. 

  447. 1 Joh. 1.3. Joh. 1.16. Phil. 3 10 Rom. 6.5 6. 

  448. Eph. 4.15.16. 1 Cor. 12.7. 1 Cor. 3 21,22,23. 

  449. 1 Thes. 5.11.14. Rom. 1.12. 1 Joh. 3.17.18. Gal 6.10. 

  450. Heb. 10 24,25. with ch. 3.12,13. 

  451. Act. 12.29.30. [Note: It appears that the reference to Acts 12:29,30 in the original manuscript is an error (Acts 12:29,30 do not exists). Most modern versions cite Acts 11:29,30.] 

  452. Eph. 6.4. 

  453. 1 Cor. 12.14.-27. 

  454. Act. 5.4. Eph. 4.28. 

  455. Mat. 28 19,20. 1 Cor. 11.26. 

  456. Mat. 28.19. 1 Cor. 4.1. 

  457. Rom. 6.3,4,5. Col. 2.12. Gal. 3.27. 

  458. Mar. 1.4. Act. 26.16. [Note: it appears that the reference to Acts 26:16 in the original manuscript is an error. Most modern versions have Acts 22:16 which seems more relevant.] 

  459. Rom, 6.2,4. 

  460. Mar. 16.16. Act. 8.36,37. 

  461. Mat 28.19,20. with Act. 8.38. 

  462. Mat. 3.16. Joh. 3 23. 

  463. 1 Cor. 11.23,24.25,26. 

  464. 1 Cor. 10.16,17.21. 

  465. Heb. 9.25,26.28. 

  466. 1 Cor. 11.24. Mat. 26.26,27. 

  467. 1 Cor. 11.23,24,25,26, &c. 

  468. Mat 26.26,27,28. Mat. 15.9. Exod. 20.4,5. 

  469. 1 Cor. 11.27. 

  470. 1 Cor. 11.26. & v. 28. 

  471. Act. 3.21. Luk. 24.6. % v. 39. 

  472. 1 Cor. 11.24,25. 

  473. 1 Cor. 10.16. ch. 11.23-26. 

  474. 2 Cor: 6,14,15. 

  475. 1 Cor. 11.29. Mat. 7.6. 

  476. Gen. 3.19. Act. 13.36. 

  477. Eccles. 12.7. 

  478. Luk. 23.43. 2 Cor. 5.1,6,8. Phil. 1.23. Heb. 12.23. 

  479. Jud. 6,7. 1 Pet. 3.19. Luk. 16.23,24. 

  480. 1 Cor. 15: 51,52. 1 Thes. 4.17. 

  481. Job 19.26,27. 

  482. 1 Cor. 15.42,43. 

  483. Act. 24.15. Joh. 5.28,29. Phil. 3.21. 

  484. Act. 17.31. Joh. 5.22,27. 

  485. 1 Cor. 6.3. Jud. 6. 

  486. 2 Cor. 5.10. Eccles. 12.14. Mat. 12.36. Rom. 14.10,12. Mat. 25.32. &c. 

  487. Rom. 9.22,23. 

  488. Mat. 25.21,34. 2 Tim. 4.8. 

  489. Mat. 25.46. Mar. 9.48. 2 Thes. 1.7,8,9,10. 

  490. 2 Cor. 5.10,11. 

  491. 2 Thes. 1.5,6,7. 

  492. Mar. 13.35,36,37. Luk. 13.35,36. [Note: It appears that the reference to Luke 13:35,36 in the original manuscript is an error (Luke 13:36 does not exist). Most modern versions have Luke 12:35-40.] 

  493. Rev. 22.20.